When a patient is injured as a result of a Montana doctor's error or medical malpractice, they may be entitled to seek monetary compensation. However, before a medical malpractice lawsuit can be filed with the court, as a prerequisite, the case must be presented to the Montana Medical Legal Panel.
The purpose of the Montana Medical Legal Panel is to:
"prevent, where possible, the filing in court of actions against health care providers and their employees for professional liability in situations where the facts do not permit at least a reasonable inference of malpractice and to make possible the fair and equitable disposition of such claims against health care providers as are or reasonably may be well founded."
Montana Code Annotated §27-6-102.